SPECTRUM AWARE CLUSTERING ALGORITHM BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC FOR SENSOR BASED MONITORING APPLICATION
Noorhayati Mohamed Noor1, Norashidah Md Din2, Zolidah Kasiran3,
Nor Azimah Khalid4 and Shapina Abdullah5
1,3,4,5Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA(UiTM)
2Institute of Energy Infrastructure, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN)
In this paper, a clustering solution for periodic data gathering over WSNs using cognitive radio technology is proposed. The cluster heads (CHs) are selected according to the channel availability, residual energy, communication cost and node distribution parameters. Fuzzy logic and weight based techniques combines the four parameters for the CH selection. The cluster formation is based on the relative channel availability between the cluster member (CM) and CH to ensure stable cluster connectivity from link failure. To evaluate the proposed clustering algorithm, the performance of sensor networks is compared with CogLEACH, LEACH and CHEF routing protocols. The simulation results show that the proposed clustering algorithm effectively has a significant improvement with respect to the network stability without reducing the network instability and network lifetime. In addition, the proposed clustering solution also has a low and almost consistent CH energy consumption during the stability period indicating an efficient cluster formation.
Keywords: Cluster Formation, Cluster Head, Instability, Lifetime, Stability
Published On: 30 April 2020